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Type 2 Diabetes Screening

Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin (the hormone that converts food into energy). There are several types of diabetes, the most common of which is type 2. In fact, about 90 to 95% of people with diabetes have type 2.

Diabetes is a chronic disease that has no cure and can cause many serious complications such as eye disease, kidney failure, and nerve damage that can lead to amputation. Having diabetes significantly increases your risk of stroke and heart disease.

Type 2 Diabetes test

  • Blood Glucose test for Type 2 Diabetes screening
    • A quick and easy finger-stick check that measures blood sugar levels following eight to twelve hours of fasting, our Blood Glucose test helps identify diabetes —a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke — as well as monitor blood sugar levels for those already diagnosed with the disease.

Who should have a type 2 diabetes test?

  • Anyone who has risk factors for diabetes
  • People aged 40 and over
  • People aged 25 and over if of Asian, African, African-Caribbean and Middle Eastern descent
  • Adults with high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels
  • Anyone with the risk factors listed below should consider a diabetes risk test

How often should I a type 2 diabetes test?

  • People aged 40 and over should get a blood glucose test every three years

*Recommended guidelines only. Consult with your GP.

How do I prepare for a type 2 diabetes test?

  • You must fast for eight to twelve hours prior to your diabetes risk test.

Warning signs

Most people with type 2 diabetes live with it for years without realising that they have it. Many learn they have diabetes only after it causes one of its complications, such as heart disease, stroke, eye damage, nerve damage, and kidney disease. However, these are symptoms some people experience:

  • Frequent urination
  • Unusual thirst
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Frequent infections
  • Blurred vision
  • Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands and feet
  • Recurring skin, gum or bladder infections 

Risk factors

  • Age
  • Family history
  • Race and ethnicity (Asian, African, African-Caribbean and Middle Eastern descent are at an increased risk)
  • Gestational diabetes (diabetes occurring during pregnancy), or delivering a baby weighing nine pounds or more at birth
  • Being overweight
  • Physical inactivity
  • Low HDL "good" cholesterol
  • High triglycerides
  • High blood pressure
  • Abnormal fasting glucose screening results

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